Various Dragoon Regiments & Militia Cavalry
These two plates illustrate eight different regiments or corps. The word “regiment” should be considered very loosely for many of these troops of mounted soldiers might consist of as few as thirty or forty men and never much over one hundred. Six of these units served in the Southern campaign. All of these with the exception of Lee’s Legion were part of the corps of Lt Colonel Francis Marion, later Brigadier General of the South Carolina Militia. Who fought against Banastre Tarleton.
Fig. 1 Horry’s Regiment 1782 - part of the command of Francis Marion and members of the South Carolina Militia.
Fig. 2 Connecticut Light Horse - This small group of Connecticut served mainly in the north and wore a number of different uniforms. Like many of the other mounted troops they were made up of the wealthier members of society.
Fig. 3 Myddleton’s Regiment - part of the command of Francis Marion and members of the South Carolina Militia.
Fig. 4 Lee’s Legion- Under the command of the famous Col. Henry (”Light Horse Harry”) Lee, father of the famous Confederate General Robert E. Lee, this was perhaps the most famous of all the Continental cavalry formations. It was originally the Fifth Troop of the First Regiment of Continental Light Dragoons consisting of thirty troopers. Later it was detached as Lee’s Legion and consisted of both mounted troopers and infantry. After meritorious service in the Northern theater of the war it was later transfered to the South and served in conjunction with the troops under the famous Francis Marion fighting Cornwallis and Banastre Tarleton.
Fig. 5 Hammond’s Legion - part of the command of Francis Marion and members of the South Carolina Militia. Perhaps Hampton’s Legion.
Fig. 6 Horry’s Regt 1779- - part of the command of Francis Marion and members of the South Carolina Militia.
Fig. 7 Maham’s Regiment - part of the command of Francis Marion and members of the South Carolina Militia.
Fig. 8 von Heer’s Provost Corps- von Heer’s provosts were the military police of the army and attached to Washington’s headquarters. They were charged with apprehending deserters and looters and carrying out the punishments of soldiers convicted by court martial. One or two of the troops were paid as executioners. Their uniform was in the light dragoon style as illustrated with dark blue coats with yellow/orange facings. Their uniforms were probably well maintained and in good repair owing to their proximity to the army’s headquarters.
Figures 1,3,5.6. and 7 represent mounted troops of the South Carolina Militia. Probably few of these uniforms existed except for a few officers and non-coms in troops of no more than forty men. No uniform regulations exist and few actual articles have survived. Our artist has reconstructed these from a few meager contemporary descriptions and some plates from the Company of Military Historians.