ARMY MEDICAL, CHAPLAINS AND VETERINARY DEPARTMENTS
THE ARMY MEDICAL DEPARTMENT
The Army Medical Department was authorized in 1873 and replaced the regimental medical officers (with the exception of the Household Cavalry and Foot Guards) then serving. Except for Surgeons with equivalent rank to General Officers, the peaked pre 1880 caps had the oak leaf band. After 1880, the gold lace cap band followed the staff pattern with two thin black lines in the 2 inch lace.
THE ARMY HOSPITAL CORPS
Raised in 1857, the Army Hospital Corps provided the stretcher bearers and hospital orderlies under the supervision of the Medical Department. Although consisting of other ranks, it had officers commanding the various bearer companies. The 1880 forage cap bore the oak leaf band with an embroidered Red Cross badge on the front. It was a little larger than that worn on the right sleeves off other ranks. Staff Sergeants continued to wear pill box caps with a brass AHC badge on the front.
THE MEDICAL STAFF CORPS
In 1884, the Army Hospital Corps was replaced by the Medical Staff Corps. The assimilation of this corps within the Army Medical Department was a gradual process. Officers adopted 1 ½ inch Medical department lace on their forage caps In 1896 Staff Sergeants were permitted to wear the round forage cap with the same lace.
THE ROYAL ARMY MEDICAL CORPS
The amalgamation of the all the medical branches took place in 1898 and the R.A.M.C. was formed. For a short time, officers and staff sergeants wore the round forage cap with dull cherry stripes in the lace, but it wasn’t long before the staff forage cap was introduced with the dull cherry band.
THE ARMY CHAPLAINS DEPARTMENT
The forage cap was black with black staff pattern band. The bullion on the peak and the button and decoration on the crown were also black. The embroidered badge of the Maltese cross edged gold was worn in front. According to photographs the badge was often placed wherever the wearer wanted. Before 1893 some chaplains wore a badge of the cross within a gold circle.
THE ARMY VETERINARY DEPARTMENT
Formed in 1878 this department, like the Medical Staff, superceded the veterinary officers on regimental staffs (except the Household cavalry). The Veterinary Department was put on an official footing in 1881. All Veterinary officers wore the round forage cap with the departmental lace and maroon stripe in the centre. By 1892 only the Principal and deputy Veterinary Surgeons wore the peaked cap whilst other officers wore the pillbox cap with the same lace (as befits a cavalry organization).